Informed consent is considered an application of which Belmont principle

Respect for persons is considered informed consent.

the Belmont Report is a product of the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research. This report identifies the ethical principles which might arise from research involving human subjects in healthcare. Respect for persons is, beneficence and justice are three of the fundamental ethical principles in the Belmont reports. Respect for persons requires two things.

They must recognize and protect the autonomy of others. This principle also demands that the human subject has the ability to choose what will happen to him or her, depending on his/her capabilities. This possibility exists only if the informed consent requirements are met. The Belmont Report suggests that informed consent is important. But, it is possible for disputes to arise from both the nature and the possibility of informed consent. This principle of respect to persons suggests that the three most important elements in the consent process are information, comprehension, or voluntariness.

All subjects should be informed about the research procedure, its purpose, potential risks and advantages, as well any alternative procedures. The statement is essential as it gives human subjects the ability to ask questions, withdraw from the study, and to make their voice heard. The next crucial aspect of informed consent is the comprehension of the information. It is vital to convey the information in a way that is understandable so that the subject of the study can make an informed decision. The consent lasts if the consent was given freely. In accordance with the Belmont principle of respecting persons, every research should provide these elements for informed consent.

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